GUIDELINES FOR LIFTING STUDENTS WHO ARE NON-AMBULATORY

Only trained South Bend Community School Corporation employees may lift a student. The following school personnel may appropriately provide care or assist in lifting students: (This list is not inclusive, and may include others who have not been trained)

Training procedures are dictated by the individual needs of the student as noted in their IEP and/or by a physician’s order. Generally, OTs and PTs can assist with training specific to the student.

Universal Do’s and Don’ts of Lifting*

Any student who weighs over 40 lbs. requires the South Bend Community School Corporation approved two-person lift procedure.

The only two-person lift procedure approved by the South Bend Community School Corporation is as follows:

Good Body Mechanics

PROCEDURE DESCRIPTIONS:

 FLOOR TO WHEELCHAIR – TWO-PERSON LIFT PROCEDURE*

  1. The student is in a sitting position on the floor. The wheelchair is placed parallel to the student. The brakes are locked and the footrests are moved out of the way. The seat belt is unfastened and is hanging at the side of the chair, not in the seat.
  2. The taller person squats behind the student, reaches under the student’s arms and holds the student’s forearms, which have been crossed, over his/her chest. Avoid injury to the child by lifting under the arms.
  3. The other person squats beside the student and supports the child’s legs, placing one hand under the thighs and the other hand under the lower legs, and flexes the legs in an approximation of the sitting position.
  4. At the count of three, lifting the student slowly, staff stand erect using leg muscles, not back muscles. (This avoids back injury to staff.) The person supporting the student’s legs will likely find holding the legs under the knees easiest.
  5. Staff position the student over the seat and lower slowly until the student is seated on the chair. Staff position the student properly in the chair and replace the seat belt and other positioning harnesses/hardware.

Note: the student’s physician may give special instructions.

WHEELCHAIR TO BED/TABLE – TWO-PERSON LIFT *

  1. Place the wheelchair parallel to the bed or table. The taller person stands behind the wheelchair, reaches under the student’s arms and holds the student’s forearms, which have been crossed over the chest.
  2. The other person squats close to the student and places one hand high under the thighs while placing the other hand under the calves.
  3. At the count of three, both persons slowly lift the student straight upward.
  4. Both persons bring the student over the bed/table and lower slowly until the student is resting upon it.

Note: the student’s physician may give special instructions.

(*)From Guidelines for the Health Care Management of School Children with Special Needs, Indiana Department of Education, Division of Special Education, 1993.

WHEELCHAIR SAFETY PROCEDURES